Images

Main photograph of Bradwall Reformatory School as it looks today courtesy of Neil Slinger.

Images of Bradwall Reformatory School (click on the links to launch):

Plan of Proposed Alterations

1865 Copy of the Bradwall Certificate

1884 Garden Party, Bradwall Hall -

1888 Map

1900-1912 OS Map

The above is an OS map of 1910

1912 Inspectors Report

1912 Invitation to Tender for Supplies

Boys and Staff of Bradwall Reformatory School c. 1913 to 1920, on a Christmas postcard that was presumably sent to family of the inmates.

Quotes About the School

“The School is intended for the benefit of the County of Chester, a district partly agricultural but comprising also the manufacturing towns of Stockport, Macclesfield, Ashton and Staleybridge, the coal fields of Poynton, the salt works of Northwich, Middlewich and Nantwich, and the sea-ports of Birkenhead and Warrington — and is now about half finished, and will be in operation at the end of September or October. [..] Mr. George William Latham of Bradwall Hall, is the sole manager, there is no committee, and he has the entire responsibility and control. The school is built on his land, about half a mile from his house, and he will be able to add from time to time such land as is wanted for the industrial labour of the boys, and will charge the school with an agricultural rent for it. It is intended that the labour shall be entirely agricultural, and that as many of the boys as places can be found for, shall be apprenticed to farmers when their reform has sufficiently advanced to allow them to leave the school.”

-The Irish Quarterly Review, volume 5, 1855

THE Secretary of State for the Home Depart- ment hereby gives notice that he has allowed the Managers of the Bradwall Reformatory School for Boys, at Sandbach, in Cheshire, to withdraw the notice given by them of their intention to resign the Certificate of this School; and that the notice of such resignation in the London Gazette of the 23rd September, 1887, is therefore cancelled.

-The London Gazette, November 4th 1887

The Secretary of State for the Home Depart- ment hereby gives”notice that he has certified the premises known1 as the Bradwall Training School (Holmes Chapel Section), Holmes Chapel, Cheshire (hitherto known as the Col- lege of Agriculture, Holmes Chapel), as a part of the Bradwall Reformatory School, Sand- bach, Cheshire.
The Certificate, which bears date the llth instant, provides that the number of inmates of the Bradwall Training School (Holmes Chapel Section), -whether sent thereto inpur- suance of the provisions of the Children A ct, 1908, or not, shall not exceed one hundred and twenty-five.
Whitehall,
l l t h April, 1918.

- The London Gazette, November 16th 1918

The Secretary of State for the Home Depart- ment hereby gives notice that the Managersof the Bradwall Training School have resigned the Certificate granted on the 19th October, 1916, in respect of the premises at Sandbach, Cheshire, and for tihe premises at Holmes Chapel, Cheshire, which were certified as part of the School on the llth April, 1918, the Secretary of State (hasissued a new Certificate that the premises referred to in the Certificate dated llth April, 1918, to be known in future as The Training School, Holmes ‘Chapel, Cheshire, are fit to be a “Reformatory School for the reception of such boysi as may be sent thereto from time to time in pursuance of the provisions of the Children A ct, 1908.
The Certificate, which bears date tihe21st instant, provides that the number of inmates in the School at any one time, whether sent thereto in pursuance of the provisions of the Children’s Act or not, shall not exceed one hundred twenty-five. WHITEHALL 21st October 1920

-The London Gazette October 26th 1920

Staff

1861 (Census) – Mr Richard Howarth (superintendent) and wife, Caroline (matron). John Good (schoolmaster).William Chemdles (labour master). James Grey (drill master). Mary Clarke (servant). Elizabeth Houlden (servant). Eleanor Nickolson (servant). Martha Wilkinson (servant). Mary Sant (servant). Edward Morris (servant). Mr George William Latham (manager).

1868 – Mr Howarth (superintendent) and wife, schoolmaster Mr Carter

1871 (Census) – Mr Richard Howarth (superintendent) and wife, Caroline (matron). Joseph H Castle (schoolmaster). Thomas Abell (schoolmaster).

1872 – Mr Richard Howarth (superintendent) and wife, Caroline (matron). Mr Cartwright (schoolmaster). Thomas Abell (schoolmaster). Mrs Abell (dairy woman).

1881 (Census)- Mr Richard Howarth (superintendent) and wife, Caroline (matron). Mary Howarth (assistant matron, prison officer). Charlotte Helen Howarth (assistant matron, prison officer). Joseph Attley (schoolmaster). Robert Johnson (schoolmaster). Thomas Swinnerton (labour master).

1884 – Superintendent and matron Mr & Mrs Howarth, succeeded by Mr & Mrs Edward Shaw; schoolmaster Mr Brickhill; assistant schoolmaster Mr. J Charlwood.

1891 (Census) – Superintendent and matron, Edward and Benedicta Shaw; schoolmaster Mr Edward Shaw Junior., assistant teacher and labour-master Mr George Stephenson; bailiff Mr. Sherwood Suffell.

1901 (Census) – Superintendent and matron, Edward and Benedicta Shaw; schoolmaster Mr E.C Jones appointed 18th January 1900 to succeed Mr Allford who left 14th November 1899. Assistant teacher Mr Arthur W. Shaw; second assistant teacher Mr Samuel Boffey appointed 2nd January 1900 to succeed Mr Hayes, who left 2nd January 1900; assistant matron Miss Benedicta M. Shaw; farm bailiff Mr Thomas Eden.

1903 – Superintendent and matron, Edward and Benedicta Shaw; assistant matron Miss Shaw; schoolmaster Mr A.W. Shaw; assistant schoolmaster Mr James Wood.

1911 (Census). Edward and Benedicta Shaw as Superintendant and Matron. Benedicta M Shaw, Assistant Matron. Arthur Shaw, Teacher. Percy Clarke, Bailiff. James Pye, Teacher. Thomas Harvey, Labour Master.

George William Latham’s cousin, Charles Latham (1816-1907) was surgeon to the Bradwall Reformatory from its foundation until his retirement in 1903.

A Report to the House of Commons 1861

“There were 58 boys in the school when I inspected it. They looked well and healthy, and appeared much more bright and cheerful than formerly. The officers seemed also more kindly, and the whole of the establishment was in a very comfortable and satisfactory condition. The premises were in excellent order, and the farm much improved ; it now comprises 90 acres. I was glad to find that more of the ordinary farming processes were being resorted to ; the plough and other common agricultural machines employed, so that the training of the lads as farm servants would be gradually made more complete than the use of spade labour allows of. The books are well kept. The punishments had been much fewer, chiefly fines or loss of privilege. The boys passed a very good examination. Of 23 boys in the first class, most of whom had not been more than two years in the institution, 15 wrote from dictation with only one or two mistakes (5 of them with none), and 9 did eleven sums, extending to practice and rule of three, without a mistake, 9 others did nine or ten of these. The spelling and writing were equally good. The second class also acquitted themselves very fairly, and on the whole I have not examined any school during the year in which the instruction of the boys has been more successfully attended to. Much of this is no doubt to be attributed to the pains which the schoolmaster, Mr. Goode (now superintendent of the Glamorgan Reformatory), had bestowed on the duties of his office.
The cost per head for the year was 18l. 9s. 11d., on an average of 58 boys. The parents’ payments 65l. 7s. 3d. The loss on the farm was 110l. 15s. 4d.; but stock in hand had increased in value 265l. 10s. 3d. Of 24 admissions 12 were on first commitment.”

Edward and Benedicta Shaw

Edward Shaw and his wife Benedicta were appointed Superintendant and Matron on 31 January 1888. They received £150 per annum with residence and rations. They were at the School until 1913. Edward was about 77 when he retired. They lived in Hanley in 1871 and were school teachers at that time. In 1881 they were living in Bangor, North Wales.

Sources

1855 Bradwall Certificate dated 27th December 1855 (copy of 19th April 1865).

1865 Copy of the Bradwall Certificate

Proposed plan for the extension of Bradwall Reformatory School by John Baslow (presumed to be related to the £600 grant prior to 1860).

Plan of Proposed Alterations

1860 The History Gazetteer and Directory of Cheshire by Francis White & Co.

Report of the Bradwall Reformatory School 1860 by George William Latham.

1861 Report to the House of Commons

1871 Rules and Regulations by Sydney Turner.

1896 quote for musical instruments from Besson & Co of London.

1896 Musical Instrument Estimate

1911 tender request for butchers meat, clothing and draperies, cattle food, and sundries.

1912 Invitation to Tender for Supplies

1912 Report of HM Acting Chief Inspector of Reformatory Schools, J C Pearson, 1912

1912 Inspectors Report

1913 letter by Robert Bygott, solicitor and Secretary to the manager of Bradwall Training School, reporting an instruction by the Home Office that all tenders for school supplies should be advertised in local and Manchester papers.

Leaflet by C and M Mclean, printed by Impressions of Sandbach – largely based on records kept by Robert Bygott, solicitor and secretary to the managers of Bradwall Training School (1913).

Cheshire Records Office search 26th April 2000: School Rules 1871, Certified Copy Certificate, Specifications, Tenders and Plan of School 1911, Certified School Gazettes – volume 11 number 12 of 1919, and volume 13 number 11 of 1921.

Letter from Gareth Griffiths dated Sep 2005, referencing his research and including: Ordinance Survey map of Cheshire 1912, 1891 1nd 1901 Census, the Auction Cover of 1888 and White’s Gazetteer pages.